VITEEE 2015 Syllabus Biology:
VITEEE is an acronym that stands for Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examinations. These Engineering Entrance Examinations are held in the month of April every year and even the Upcoming VITEEE 2015 Engineering Entrance Examinations is Scheduled for April 2015.
The VITEEE comprises of 4 papers, namely Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology. To know more about VITEEE 2015, click here http://careersamosa.com/viteee-2015/
The Following is the Biology Syllabus for the VITEEE 2015 Examinations mentioned below:
Linnaean system of classifications and Binomial nomenclature; history and types of classification; status of bacterial and viruses, classification of angiosperms up to sub class level (Bentham and Hooker’s system); salient feature of non-chordates up to phyla levels and chordates up to class levels.
Modern concepts of organic evolution, evidences of organic evolution (Fossils records and biochemical evidences). Darwinism and neo – Darwinism, Lamarckism, Neo-Lamarckism, sources of variation, mutation, recombination, gene flow-genetic drift, migration, natural selection. Origin and concepts of species, speciation and isolation (geographical pre mating and post mating or post zygotic) adaptive radiations, human evolution.
(c)Cell and Molecular Biology:
Discovery of cell, cell as a contained unit, pro and eukaryotic cells and its ultra structure. Cell division: amitosis, mitosis and meiosis. The Cell: cell wall, cell membrane and cell organelles (Plastids, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulu, Golgi bodies, ribosomes, lysosomes, vacuoles and centrioles)
DNA and RNA, DNA as genetic material, RNA as genetic material, replication, transcription, genetic code, translation, splicing, gene expression and regulation, protein synthesis, DNA repair.
Reproduction in Plants: asexual and sexual reproduction, vegetative propagation, sexual reproduction in flowering plants, structure of flowers, pollination, fertilization, development of seeds and fruits, apomixes and poly-embryony.
Human reproduction and Reproductive health: reproductive system in male and female, menstrual cycles, production of gametes, fertilization, implantation, embryo development, pregnancy, parturition and lactation, Assisted reproductive technologies.
Chromosomes: structure and types, linkage and crossing over, recombination of chromosomes, mutation, chromosomal aberration, Mendelian inheritance, chromosomal theory of inheritance, deviation from Mendelian ratio (gene interaction, incomplete dominance, co-dominance, complimentary gene, multiple allelism), sex determination in humans, chromosomal disorders in humans.
(f)Microbiology and Immunology:
Introduction to microbial diversity, history of medical microbiology, discovery of antibiotics, pasteurization, microscopes. Fungi, bacteria, virus, protozoa, algae-beneficial and harmful. Parasites and pathogens. Structure of microbes and diseases causes by them. Basic concepts of immunology: innate and humoral immunity, lymphoid organs, lymph nodes and spleen , antibodies, vaccines, transplantation immunology, immune system disorders.
Structure and function of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins. Disaccharide, starch, glycogen, fats, cholesterol, amino acids, peptides. Primary, Secondary and Tertiary structure of proteins. Enzymes, structured and mechanism of enzymes catalysis, specificity of enzymes, co factors an co-enzymes.
(h)Physiology: Plant and Human:
Plant Physiology: Movement of water, food, nutrients, gases and minerals. Respiration, photosynthesis (light and dark reaction), factors affecting photosynthesis, electron transport chain (ETC), glycolysis, Kreb’s cycle, pentose phosphate pathway, hormones and growth regulators, Photo-periodism and vernalization.
Human Physiology: Digestion and absorption, breathing and respiration, body fluids and circulation, excretory system, endocrine system, nervous system, skeletal and muscular system: locomotion and movement , growth, aging, and death. Hormones; types of hormones and its functions.
(i)Bio-Technology and its Applications:
Recombinant DNA technology, applications in health, agriculture and industries; genetically modified organisms; bio safety issues, insulin and Bt cotton , transgeneric plants and microbes, plant issue culture and its application; plant growth regulators; microbes in food processing; industrial production of microbial products, Sewage treatment, waste management and energy generation.
(j)Bio-diversity, Ecology and Environment:
Ecosystems: components, types and energy flow in ecosystems; species, population and community, ecological adaptations, centre of diversity and conservation of bio-diversity, Red data book, botanical gardens, national parks, sanctuaries and museums, environmental issues, human population explosion, green house effect, ozone layer depletion, Environmental issues and Pollution Control.
(k)Applied biology and Human Welfare:
Bio-pesticides, genetically modified foods, bio-war, bio-piracy, bio-pattern sustainable agriculture and medicinal plants, economic important (food crops, oil seeds, fiber yielding, sugar crops and timber yielding), bio-pharming, pesticides , organic agriculture. Population and Birth Control, contraception and MTP, sexually transmitted diseases, infertility, cancer and AIDS. Adolescence and drug/ or alcohol abuse.
The above article was for the biology Syllabus of the VITEEE 2015 Exams, please visit www.careersamosa.com to know more about Engineering Entrance Examinations for the Upcoming year 2015.