Thermodynamics Syllabus for GATE 2015 Examinations:
Basic Concepts: Continuum, Macroscopic approach, thermodynamic system (closed and open or control volume), thermodynamic properties and equilibrium, state of a system, state diagram, path and process, different modes of work, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature , heat.
First law of Thermodynamics: energy, enthalpy, specific heats, first law applied to systems and controls volumes, steady and unsteady flow analysis.
Second law of Thermodynamics: Kelvin – Planck and Clausius statements, reversible and irreversible processes, Carnot Therorems, thermodynamic temperature scale, Clausiusinequality and concept of enthropy, principle of increase of entrophy, availability and irreversibility.
Properties of Pure Substances: thermodynamics properties of pure substances in solid, liquid and vapor phases, P-V-T behavior of simple compressible substances, phase rule, thermodynamic property tables and charts, ideal and real gases, equations of state, compressibility chart.
Thermodynamic relations: T-ds relations, Maxwell equations, Joule Thompson coefficient, coefficient of volume expansion, adiabatic and isothermal compressibilities, Clapeyron Equation.
Thermodynamic Cycles: Carnot vapor power cycle, Ideal Ranking Cycle, Rankine Reheat Cycle, Air standard Otto Cycle, Air Standard Diesel Cycle Air Standard Brayton Cycle, vapour compression refrigeration cycle.
Ideal Gas Mixtures: Dalton’s and Amagat’s law, calculations of properties , air-water vapor mixtures and simple thermodynamic processes involving them.