PIMS AICET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus I:
Preparation and Properties of Hydrocarbons:
-Sources of hydrocarbons (origin and composition of coal and petroleum; Hydrocarbons from coal and petroleum, cracking and -reforming, quality of gasoline-octane number, gasoline additives).
-Laboratory preparation of alkynes (preparation from unsaturated hydrocarbons, alkyl halides and carboxylic acids).
-Laboratory preparation of alkenes (preparation from calcium carbide and acetylene)
-Physical properties of alkanes (boiling and melting points, solubility and density)
-Reactions of hydrocarbons (oxidation, addition, substitution and miscellaneous reactions)
Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds:
-Purification (crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, chromatography)
-Qualitative analysis (analysis of nitrogen sulphur, phosphorus and halogens).
-Quantitative analysis (estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus and oxygen).
-Determination of molecular mass (Victor Mayer’s method, volumetric method)
-Calculation of empirical formula and molecular formula.
-Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis, modern methods of structure elucidation.
The molecules of life:
The Cell. Carbohydrates (monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharide). Proteins (amino acids, peptide bond, structure of proteins, tertiary structure of proteins and denaturation, enzymes). Nuclei acids (structure, the double helix, biological function of nucleic acid, viruses)
Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonding:
Atoms; dual nature of matter and radiation. The uncertainty principle. Orbitals and Quantum numbers, Shapes of orbitals, electronic configuration of atoms.
Molecules: Molecular orbital method. Hybridisation, Dipole moment and structure of molecules.
The Solid State:
Structure of simple ionic compounds, Close-packed structures. Ionic-radii, Silicates (elementary ideas). Imperfection of solids (point defects only). Properties of solids. Amorphous solids.
The Gaseous State:
Ideal gas equation-kinetic theory (fundamentals only)
Types of solution, Vapor-pressure of solutions and Raoult’ law. Colligative properties. Non-ideal solutions and abnormal molecules masses. Mole concept-stoichemistry, volumetric analysis-concentration unit.
-First Law of Thermodynamics: Internal energy, Enthalpy, application of first law of thermodynamics.
-Second law of Thermodynamics: Enthropy, Free energy, Spontaneity of chemical reaction, free energy change and chemical equilibrium, free energy available for useful work.
-Third law of thermodynamics:
Electrochemistry: Electrolytic conduction. Voltage cell, Electrode potential and Electromotive force, Gibbs’s free energy and cell potential. Electrode potential and Electrolysis. Primary cells including fuel cells. Corrosion.
Rate Expression. Order of reaction (with suitable examples). Units of rate and specific rate constants. Order of reaction and concentration. (Study will be confined to first order only)
Temperature dependence of rate constant-Fast reactions (only elementary idea). Mechanism of reaction (only elementary idea). Photochemical reactions.
Organic Chemistry Based on Functional Group-I
(Halides and Hydroxy compounds)
Nomenclature of compounds containing halogen atoms and hydroxylgroups: haloalkanes, haloareness; alcohols and phenols.
Correlation of physical properties and uses:
Preparation, properties and uses of the following:
Polyhalogen Compounds: Chloroform, idoform
Polychydric Compounds. Ethane 1,2-idol; Propane-1,2,2 triol
-Structure and reactivity
-Electrophliles and Nucleophiles
-Types of Organic reaction.
(Ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives)
Nomenclature of ethers, alsehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives. (acylhalides, acid anhydrides, amides and esters)
General methods ofpreparation , correlation of physical properties with their structure, chemical properties and uses.
(Note: Specific compounds should not be stressed for the purpose of evaluation)
Organic Chemistry Bases on Functional Groups III
(Cyanides, isocyanides, nitrocompounds and amines)
Nomenclature of cyanides and isocyanides; nitro compounds and amines and methods of preparation; correlation of physical properties with structure, chemical reactions and uses.
Chemistry of Representative Elements
Periodic properties: Trends in groups and periods
-Carbonates and Sulphates-sikyvukutt.
The chemistry of s and p block elements, electronic configuration, general characteristic properties and oxidation states of the following
-Group 1: elements Alkali metals
-Group 2: elements of Alkaline earth metals
-Group 3: elements Boron family
-Group 4: elements Carbon family
-Group 5: elements Nitrogen family
-Group 6: elements Oxygen family
-Group 7: elements Halogen family
-Group 8: elements Nobel gases and Hydrogen
Transition Metals including Lanthanides
Electronic configuration: General characteristic properties, oxidation state of transition metals.
First row transition metals and general properties of their compounds- oxides, halides and sulphides.
General properties of second and third row transition elements (Groupwise discussion ). Preparation of Potassium dichromate, Potassium Permagnate.
Inner transition elements: General discussion with special reference to oxidation states and Lanthanide contraction.
Coordination Chemistry and Organo Metallics
Isomerism in coordination compounds; Bonding in coordination compouns; Stability of coordination compounds; application of coordination compounds; Compounds containing metal-carbon bond; Application of organometallics.
Nature of radiation from radioactive substances. Nuclear structure and nuclear properties. Nuclear reactions; Radioactive disintegration series; Artificial transmutation of elements; Nuclear fission and Nuclear fusion; Isotopes and their uses; Radio carbon-dating; Synthetic elements.
Synthetic and Natural Polymers:
Classification of Polymers, natural and synthetic polymers (with stress on their general methods of preparation) and important uses of the following Teflon, PVC, Polystyrene, Nylon-66, Terylene.
Environmetal pollution: Pollutants, services check and alternatives.
Surface chemistry: Surface Adsorption
Catalysis: Homogeneous and heterogeneous, structure of catalyst.
Carbohydrates: Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, Polysaccharides.
Amino Acids and Peptides: Structure and Classification
Proteins and enzymes: Structure and Classification .
Proteins and enzymes : Structure of proteins, role of enzymes.
Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA
Biological functions of Nucleic acids: proteins synthesis and replication.
Lipids: Structure, Membrane and their functions.
Chemistry of biological process:
Carbohydrates and their metabolism, Hemoglobin blood and respiration, Immune system, Vitamins and hormones. Simple idea of chemical evolution
Chemistry in Action:
Dyes, Chemical in medicines, Rocket propellants.
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