PIMS AICET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus II:
Atoms, Molecules and Chemical Arithmetic:
Measurement in chemistry (significant figures, SI Unit. Dimensional analysis). Chemical classification of matter (mixtures, compounds and elements and purification ). Law of chemical classification of matter (mixtures, compounds and elements and purification). Law of chemicals combination and Dalton’s Atomic theory. Atomic Mass (mole concept, determination of chemical formulas) Chemical equation (balancing of chemical equation and calculations using chemical equations)
Elements, their Occurrence and extraction:
Earth as a source of elements, elements in biology, elements in sea, extraction of metals (metallurgical process, production of concentrated ore, production of metals and their purification). Mineral wealth of India. Qualitative test of metals.
States of Matter:
Gaseous state (measurable properties of gases, Boyle’s Law, Charles’ Law, Law and absolute scale of temperature, Avogadro’s hypothesis, ideal gas equation, Dalton’s law of partial pressure). Kinetic molecular theory of gases (the microscopic model of a gas, deviation form ideal behavior)
The solid state (classification of solids. X-rays studies of crystal lattices and unit cells, packing of constituent particles of crystals)
Liquid state (Properties of liquids. Vapour pressure. Surface tension, Viscocity)
Constituents of the atom (Discovery of electron, nuclear model of the atom)
Electronic structure of atoms (nature of light and electromagnetic waves, atomic spectra. Bohr’s model of Hydrogen atom. Quantum mechanical model of the atom, electronic configurations of atoms, Aufbau principle)
Chemical Families: Periodic Properties
Mandeleev’s Periodic Table, Modem Periodic Law, Types of elements, (Representative elements-s and p block elements, inner transition elements-d inner transition element-f block). Periodic trends in properties, (Ionizastion energy, electron affinity, atomic radii, valence, periodicity in properties of compounds)
Bonding and Molecular Structure:
Chemical bonds and Lewis structure shapes of molecules (VSEPR Theory). Quantum theory of the covalent bond (Hydrogen and some other simple molecules, carbon compounds, hybridization, Boron and Beryllium compounds)
Coordinate covalent bond (Ionic bond as an extreme case of polar covalent bond), ionic character of molecules and polar molecules. Bonding in solid state (Ionic, molecular and covalent solids, metals) Hydrogen bond, Resonance.
Carbon and its Compounds:
Elemental carbon, carbon compounds, Inorganic compounds of carbon (Oxides of Carbon, Halides, carbides). Organic compounds, nomenclature of organic compounds (Hydrocrabons, functional groups). Some common organic compounds (Alkanes, Alenes, Alkyles, Alcohols, Aldehydes, Keytones, Halides, Acids, Nitro compounds and amines.)
Energy changes during a chemical reaction. Internal energy and Enthalpy (Internal energy, Enthalpy, Enthalpy changes, Origin of Enthaply change in reaction, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, numerical bases on these concepts). Heats of reactions (heat of neutralization , heat of combustion, heat of fusion and vapourization).
Sources of energy (conservation of energy sources, pollution associated with consumption of fuels. The sun as the primary source)
What decides the direction of a spontaneous change in chemical reaction? (an elementary idea of free energy change) why energy crisis if energy is conserved in nature?
Equilibria involving physical changes (solid-liquid-gas equilibria, equilibrium involving dissolution of solid in liquids, general characteristics of equilibrium involving physical process)
Equilibria involving c of electrolytes, weak and strong electrolytes, acid-base equilibrium, various concepts of acids and bases, ionization of water, pH, solubility product, numerical based on these concepts.
Oxidation and reduction as an electron transfer process. Redox reactions in aqueous solution, electrochemical cells. EMF of a galvanic cell. Dependence of EMF on concentration and temperature (nearest equation and numerical problem bases on it) Electrolysis, Oxidation numbers (rules for assigning oxidation number, redox reactions in terms of oxidation and nomenclature). Balancing of oxidation- reduction equations.
Rates of Chemical Reactions:
Rate of reaction, Instantaneous rate of a reaction and order or reaction. Factors affecting rates of reaction (factors effecting rate of collisions encountered between the reactant molecules, effect of temperature on the reaction rate, concept of activation energy, catalysis). Effect of light on rates of reactions. Elementary reactions as steps to more complex reactions. How fast are chemical reations.
Chemistry of Non-Metals-I (Hydrogen, Oxygen and Nitrogen):
Hydrogen, (position in periodic table, occurrence isotopes, properties, reactions and uses) Oxygen (occurrence, preparation, properties and reactions, uses, simple oxides; ozone). Water and hydrogen peroxide (structure of water molecule and its aggregates, physical and chemical properties of water, hard and soft water, water softening, hydrogen peroxides, preparation, properties, structure and uses) Nitrogen (Preparation, properties, uses, compounds of Nitrogen, Ammonia, Oxides of Nitrogen, Nitric Acid preparation, properties and uses).
Chemistry of Non-Metals-II (Boron, Silicon, Phosphorus, Sulphur, halogens and the noble gases):
Boron, (occurrence , isolation, physical and chemical properties, borax and boric acid, uses of boron and its compounds). Silicon (occurrence, preparation and properties, oxides and oxyacid of phosphorus, chemical fertilizers). Sulphur (occurrence and extraction properties and reactions, oxides; Sulphuric acid preparation, properties and uses, sodium thiosulphate). Halogens (occurrence, preparation, properties, hydrogen halides, uses of halogens). Noble gases (discovery, occurrence and isolation, physical properties, chemistry of noble gases and their uses).
Chemistry of Lighter Metals:
Sodium and Potasium (occurrence and extraction, properties and uses, important compounds NaCl, Na2Co3, NAHCO3, NaOH, Kcl, KOH)
Magnesium and Calcium (occurrence and extraction, properties and uses, important compounds MgCl2, MgSO4, CaO, Ca(OH)2, CaCO3, CaSO4, plaster of paris)
Aluminium (occurrence, extraction, properties and uses, compounds AlCl3 alums).Cement
Biological role of Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium and Calcium.
Chemistry of Heavier Metals:
-Iron (occurrence and extraction, compounds of iron, oxides, halides, sulphides, sulphate, alloy and steel)
-Copper, silver and gold (occurrence and extraction properties and uses, compound sulphide, halides and sulphates, photography)
-Zinc and Mercury (occurrence and extraction, properties, uses, compounds oxides, halides, sulphide and sulphates)
-Tin and Lead (occurrence and extraction, properties, uses, compounds oxides, sulphides, halides)
-Structure and shapes of Hydrocarbons
-Alkanes (structure, isomerism, conformation)
-Stereo Isomerism and chiratity (origin of Chirality, optical relation, racemic mixture)
-Alkenes (isomerism including cis-trans), Alkynes
-Arenes (structure of benzene, resonance structure, isomerism in arenes)
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