Physics Syllabus for AIEEE:
The syllabus contains two sections A and B. Section A pertains to the theory Part having 80 % weight age while the Section B contains Practical Component ( Experimental Skills) having 20 % Weight age.
Unit 1 Physics and Measurement:
Physics, technology and society, SI units, fundamental and derived units. Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, errors in measurement, dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.
Unit 2: Kinematics:
Frame of reference, motion in a straight line: position time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity time, position time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion. Scalars and vectors, vector addition and subtraction, zero vector, scalar and vector products, unit vector, resolution of a vector, relative velocity, motion in a plane, projectile motion, uniform circular motion.
Unit 3: Laws of motion:
Force and inertia, newtons first law of motion, momentum, newtons second law of motion, impulse, newtons third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, equilibrium of concurrent forces.
Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction
Dynamics of uniform circular motion, centripetal force and its applications.
Unit 4: Work , Energy and Power:
Work done by constant force and a variable force, kinetic and potential energies, work energy theorem, power.
Potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and non conservative forces, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Unit 5: Rotational Motion:
Centre of Mass of a two particle system, centre of a mass a rigid body, basic concepts of rotational motion, moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications, moment of inertial, radius of gyration. Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. Rigid body rotations, equations of rotational motion.
Unit 6: Gravitation:
The universal law of gravitation, acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, gravitational potential energy, gravitational potential. Escape velocity orbital velocity of a satellite, geo stationary satellites.
Unit 7: properties of solids and liquids:
Elastic behavior, stress strain relationship, hooke’s law, young modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column, pascal law and its applications, viscosigy, stokes law, terminal veloctity, streamline, and turbulent flow, Reynolds number. Bernoullis principle and its applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, applications of surface tension, drops bubbles and capillary rise. Heat, temperature , thermal expansion specific heat capacity, calorimetry, change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer modes., newtons law of cooling.
Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature. Heat, work and internal energy. First , second law of thermodynamics, irreversible and reversible processes. Carnot engine and its efficiency.
Unit 9: Kinetic theory of Gases:
Equation of state of a perfect gas, work doneon compressing a gas. Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature , rms speed of gas molecules, degrees of freedom, law of equipartiion of energy, application to specific heat capacities of gases, mean free path of avogardo number.
Unit 10: Oscillation and Waves:
Periodic motion: period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions, simple harmonic motion and its equation, phase oscillations of a spring – restoring force and force constant, energy in SHM kinetic and potnential energies, simple pendulum derivation of expression for its time period, free forced and damped oscillations, resonance.
Wave motion: longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave, displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics beats, Doppler effect in sound.
Unit 11: Electrostatics:
Electric charges: Conversation of charge, coulomb’s law forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges, super position principle and continuous charges distribution.
Electric Field: electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electri dipole, electric field due to dipole, torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
Electric Flux, gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charge infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculations for a point charge, electric dipole and system charges, equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two points charges in an electrostatic field.
Conductors and insulators, dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor.
Unit 12: current electricity:
Electric current, drift velocity, ohm’s law, electrical resistance, resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic nad non ohmic conductors, electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity, color code of resistors, temperature dependence of resistance.
Electric cell and its internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, combinations of cells in series and in parallel. Krichoffs law and their applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge, potentiometer- principle and its applications.
Unit 13; Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism:
Biot- Savart Law and its applications to current carrying circular loop. Amperes law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.
Force on a current carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current carrying conductor definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines, earth magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para dia and ferro magnetic substances. Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, hysteresis, electromagnets and permanent magnets.
Unit 14: electromagnetic induction and alternating currents:
Electromagnetic induction, Faraday law, induced emf and current, lenz’s law, eddy currents, self and mutual inductance, alternating current, peak and rms value of alternating current, voltage reactance and impedance, lcr series circuits, resonance, quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattles current. AC generator and transformer.
Unit 15: Electromagnetic Waves:
Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, transverse nature of electromagnetic waves. Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible ultraviolet, X rays, gamma Rays) applications of EM waves.
Unit 16: optics:
Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, total internal reflection and its applications. Deviation and dispersion of light by prism, lens formula, magnification power of a lens, combinations of thin lenses in a contact,, microscope and astronomical telescope and their magnifying powers.
Wave optics: wavefront and hugens principle, laws of reflaction and reflection using Huygens principle. Interference of young double slit experiment and expression for fringe width , coherent sources and sustained interference of light. Differentiation due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, polarization, plane polarized light, Brewster law, uses of plane polarized lights and polaroids.
Unit 17: dual nature of Matter and Radiation:
Dual nature of radiation, photoelectric effect, hertz and lenards observation, Einstein photoelectric equations, particle of a nature of light. Matter waves , waves nature of particle, de Broglie relation. Davisson germer experiment.
Unit 18: Atoms and Nuclei:
Alpha particle scattering experiment, Rutherford model of atom, Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars, isotones, radioactivity alpha beta and gamma particle/rays and their properties, radioactive decay law. Mass energy and relations, mass defect, binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.
Unit 19: Electronic Devices:
Semiconductors, semiconductor diode, I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a characteristic of LED, photo diode, solar cell and zener diode, zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor as a amplifier and oscillator. Logic gates, transistor as a switch.
Unit 20: Communication Systems
Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky and space wave propagation, need for modulation, amplitude and frequency modulation, bandwidth of signals, bandwidth of transmission medium, basic elements of a communication system
Unit 21: Experimental Skills:
-Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiment and activities:
-Vernier calipers and its use to measure internal and external diameter and depth of vessel
-Screw gauge its use to determine thickness, diameter of thin sheet wire
-Simple pendulum dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time
-Meter Scale- mass of a given object by principle of moments
-Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire
-Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.
-Co efficient of viscocity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body
-Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time
-Speed of sound in air at room temperature using resonance tube
-Specific heat capacity of given solid and liquid by method of mixtures
-Resistivity of the material of a given wire using metre bridge.
-Resistance of a given wire using Ohm law
-Potentiometer for comparison of emf of 2 primary cells & determination of internal resistance of cell
-Resistance and figure of merit of a given galvanometer by half deflection method
-Focal length of convex, concave, and convex lens using parallax method
-Plot for angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism
-Refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope
-Characteristic curves of a p n junction diode in forward and reverse bias
-Characteristic curves of zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage
-Identification of diode, LED, transistor IC resistor, capacitor from mixed collection of such items.
-Using multimeter for identify base of transistor, distinguish between npn and pnp type of transistor, see the unidirectional flow of current in case of diode and LED, check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC)