NERIST NEE II 2015 Biology Syllabus:
Origin and Evolution of Life:
Theories and evidences of origin of life; Concept of species; speciation and isolation; Homeostasis; Scope of biology; Classification- Homeostasis; Scope of biology; Classification – artificial; natural and phylogenetic; binomial nomenclature; Status of bacteria and virus.
Ultra structure of cell; cell organelles; and their function; cell division; Karyotype analysis; Chromosomal basis and other patterns of inheritance; linkages and crossing over; Mutation and chromosomal aberrations; Gene mapping; Human genetics; Structure of RNA and its role and in protein synthesis; Gene expression and its regulation; Nuclear basis of differentiation and development; Oncogenes; DNA as a genetic material; Recombinant DNA technology; Gene bank; DNA fingerprinting; Genomics- principles and applications; Transgenic plants, animals and microbes.
Physiology of plants and animals:
Plant water relations; Transpiration; Photosynthesis; Respiration; glycolysis; Kreb’s cycle; compensation point; Respiratory Quotient; Food and Vitamins; Inter and intra cellular digestion; role of hormones and enzymes in digestion; malnutrition; respiration and circulation in animals; Blood its composition and related disorder; Osmoregulation and excretion.
Reproduction and growth in plants and animals:
Vegetative; micropropagation and sexual reproduction; Flowering Photoperiodism; Vernalization; Pollution; Double fertilization; Parthenogenesis; and Parthenocarpy; reproduction in animal- embryonic development; growth, repair, aging and death; movement and locomotion in plants and animals; nervous coordination in animal; Phytochromes; seed germination; role of growth regulators in seed dormancy.
Ecology and Environment:
Organism and the environment; population, community, ecosystem and biosphere; major biomes; Ecological succession; Productivity; Energy flow in ecosystem; Nutrient cycling; natural resources and its conservation; biodiversity; Environmental pollution; Global environmental changes; Environmental ethics and legislation.
Morphology of plants and animals:
Morphology and modification of root, stem and leaf; Inflorescence; flower fruit, seed structure and types; description of family poaceae, liliaceae, fabacae, solanaceae and asteraceae; meristematic and permanent tissues; Anatomy of root; stem and leaf; secondary growth; Animal tissue- structure and function of epithelial; connective; muscular and nervous tissues; Salient features of earthworm; cockroach and rat.
Application of Biology:
Human population growth and factors; common problems of drug; Alcohol and tobacco; Mental and addictive disorders; Common human diseases; Technology for medical application; Plant tissue culture and its applications; bio energy; Bio pesticide; Biopiracy; Bioethics; domestication and improvement of plants and animals; bio medical technologies such as radiography; angiography; sonography; ECG; EEG; ELISA test; Types; detection and diagnosis of cancer.