JEE Advanced 2015 Chemistry Syllabus

Category: Syllabus 11 0

JEE Advanced 2015 Chemistry Syllabus:

Physical Chemistry:

General Topics: Concepts of atoms and molecules; Dalton’s atomic theory; Mole concept; Chemical formulae; Balanced chemical equations; Calculations (based on mole concept) involving common oxidation-reduction; neutralization, and displacement  reaction; Concentration in terms of mole fraction; molarity, molality and normality.

Gaseous and liquid states: Absolute scale of temperature; ideal gas equation; Deviation from ideality; van der Waals equation; Kinetic theory of gases; average; root mean square and most probable velocities and their relation with temperature; Law of partial pressures; Vapour pressure; Diffusion of gases.

Atomic structure and chemical bonding: Bohr model; spectrum of hydrogen atom; quantum numbers; Wave particle duality; de Broglie hypothesis; Uncertainty principle; Qualitative quantum mechanical picture of hydrogen atom; shapes of s, p and d orbitals; Electronic configurations of elements (up to atomic number 36); Aufbau principles; Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule; Orbital overlap and covalent bond; Hybridisation involving s, p and d orbitals; Orbital energy diagram for homonuclear diatomic species;

Hydrogen bond; Polarity in molecules; dipole moment (qualitative aspects only); VSEPR model and shapes of molecules (linear, angular, triangular, square planar, pyramidal, square pyramidal, trigonal bipyramidal; tetrahedral and octahedral)

Energetics: First law of thermodynamics; internal energy; work and heat; pressure volume work; Enthaply; Hess’s law; Heat of reaction, fusion and vapourization; Second law of thermodynamics; entropy; Free energy; Criterion of spontaneity.

Chemical Equilibrim: law of mass action; Equilibrium constant; Le Chatelier’s principle (effect of concentration; temperature and pressure); Significance of in chemical equilibrium; Solubility product; common ion effect; pH and buffer solutions; Acids and bases (Bronsted and Lewis concepts) Hydrolysis of Salts.

Electrochemistry: Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Standard electrode potentials; Nernst equation and its relation of G; electrochemical series; emf of galvanic cells; Faraday’s laws of electrolysis; Electrolytic conductance; specific; equivalent and molar conductivity; Kohlrausch’s law; Concentration cells.

Chemical Kinetics: Rates of chemical reactions; Order of reactions; rate of constant; First order reactions; Temperature dependence of rate constant (Arrhenius equation)

Solid State: Classification of Solids; crystalline state, seven crystals systems (cell parameters) closed packed structure of solids (cubic) packing in fcc, bcc, and hcp lattices; Nearest neighbors; ionic radii; simple ionic compounds; point defects.

Solutions: Raoult’ law; Molecular weight determination from lowering of vapour pressure; elevation of boiling point and depression of freezing point

Surface Chemistry: Elementary concepts of adsorption (excluding adsorption isotherms); Colloids: types, methods and preparation and general properties; Elementary ideas of emulsions; surfactants and micelles (only definitions and examples)

Nuclear chemistry: Radioactivity: isotopes and isobars; Properties of rays; Kinetics of radioactive decay (decay series excluded) carbon dating; Stability of nuclei with respect to proton neutron ration; Brief discussion on fission and fusion reactions.

Inorganic Chemistry:

Isolation/Preparation and properties of the following non-metals: Boron, silicon, nitrogen, phosphorus, oxygen, sulphur and halogens; Properties of allotropes of carbon (only diamond and graphite) phosphorus and sulphur.

Preparation and properties of the following compounds: Oxides; peroxides; hydroxides; carbonates; bicarbonates; chlorides and sulphates of sodium; potassium; magnesium and calcium; Boron: diborane, boric acid and borax; Aluminium: alumina, aluminium chloride and alums; Carbon: oxides and oxyacid (carbonic acid); Silicon: silicones, silicates and silicon carbide; Nitrogen: oxides; oxyacids and ammonia; Phosphorus; oxides, oxyacids (phosphorus acid, phosphoric acid) and phosphine; Oxygen: ozone and hydrogen peroxide; Sulphur: hydrogen sulphide, oxides, sulphurous acid, sulphuric acid and sodium thiosulphate; Halogens: hydrohalic acids; oxides and oxyacids of chlorine; bleaching powder; Xenon fluorides.

Transition elements (3d series): Definition, general characteristics, oxidation states and their stabilities, color (excluding the details of electronic transitions) and calculation of spin only magnetic moment; Coordination Compounds: nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, cis-trans and ionization isomerism; hybridization and geometries of mononuclear coordination compounds (linear, tetrahedral, square planar and octahedral)

Preparation and properties of the following compounds: Oxides and chlorides of tin and lead; oxides, chlorides and sulphates of Fe, Cu and Zn; Potassium permanganate; potassium dichromate; silver oxide; silver nitrate; silver thiosulphate.

Ores and minerals: Commonly occurring ores and minerals of iron, copper, tin, lead, magnesium, aluminium, zinc and silver.

Extractive metallurgy: Chemical principles and reactions only (industrial details excluded); Carbon reduction method (iron and tin); Self reduction method (copper and lead); electrolytic reduction method (magnesium and aluminium) Cyanide processes (silver and gold)

Organic Chemistry:

Concepts: Hybridisation of carbon; and bonds; Shapes of simple organic molecules; structural and geometrical isomerism; Optical isomerism of compounds containing up to two asymmetric centers; (R,S and E,Z nomenclature excluded); IUPAC nomenclature of simple organic compounds (only hydrocarbons, mono-functional and bi-functional compounds); Conformations of ethane and butane (Newman projections); Resonance and hyperconjugation; Keto-enol tautomerism; Determination of empirical and molecular formulae of simple compounds (only combustion method); Hydrogen bonds: definition and their effects on physical properties of alcohols and carboxylic acids; inductive and resonance effects on acidity and basicity of organic acids and bases; Polarity and inductive effects in alkyl halides; Reactive intermediates produced during hemolytic and heterolytic bond cleavage; Formation, structure and stability of carbocations; carbonions and free radicals.

Preparation, properties and reactions of alkanes: Homologous series; physical properties of alkanes (melting points; boiling points and density); Combustion and halogenations of alkanes; Preparation of alkanes by Wurtz reaction and decarboxylation reactions

Preparation, Properties and reaction of alkenes and alkynes: Physical properties of alkenes and alkynes (boiling points, density and dipole moments); Acidity of alkynes; Acid catalysed hydration of alkenes and alkynes (excluding the stereo chemistry of addition and elimination); Reactions of alkenes with KMnO4 and ozone; Reduction of alkenes and alkynes; Preparation of alkenes and alkynes by elimination reactions; Electrophilic addition reactions of alkenes with X2, HX, HOX and H2O (X=halogen); Addition reactions of alkynes; Metal acetylides.

Reactions of benzene: Structure and aromaticity; Electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenations, nitration, sulphonation, Friedel Crafts alkylation and acylation; Effect of 0, m-and p-directing group in monosubstituted benzenes.

Phenols: Acididy, electrophilic substitution reactions (halogenations, nitration and sulphonation); Reimer-Tieman reaction, Kolbe reaction.

Characteristic reactions of the following (including those mentioned above): Alkyl halides: rearrangement reactions of alkyl carbocation, Grignard reaction Nucleophilic substitution reaction; Alcohols: esterifiction, dehydration and oxidation, reaction with sodium, phosphorus halides, ZnCl2/concentrated HCl, conversion of alcohols into aldehydes and ketones; Ethers: Preparation by Williamson’s synthesis; Aldehydes and Ketones: Oxidation, reduction, oxime and hydrazone formation; aldol condensation, Perkin reaction; Cannizzaro reaction; haloform reaction and Nucleophilic addition reactions (Grignard addition); Carboxylic acid: formation of esters, acid chlorides and amides, ester hydrolysis; Amines: basicity of substituted anilines and aliphatic amines, preparation from nitro compounds, reaction with nitrous acid; azo coupling reaction of diazonium salts of aromatic amines; Sandmeyer and related reactions of diazonium salts; carbylamines reaction; Haloarenes: nucleophilc aromatic substitution in Haloarenes and substituted Haloarenes (excluding Benzyne mechanism and Cine substitution)

Carbohydrates: Classification; mono-and di-saccharides (glucose and sucrose); Oxidation, reduction, glycoside formation and hydrolysis of sucrose.

Amino acids and peptides: General structure (only primary structure for peptides) and physical properties.

Properties and uses of some important polymers: Natural rubber, cellulose, nylon, Teflon and PVC.

Practical organic chemistry: Detection of elements (N,S, halogens); Detection and identification of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl, amino and nitro; Chemical methods of separation of mono-functional organic compounds from binary mixtures.


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