Dr. DY Patil Kolhapur AICET 2015 Biology Syllabus:
Unit 1: Diversity in Living World:
Diversity in Organisms:
Diversity in living organisms-Brief Idea
Systematic and binomial system of nomenclature- meaning of the terms taxonomy, systematics, classification and nomenclature, Need of classification. Three domains of life, Concept of species. Taxonomy hierarchy with examples. Bionomial hierchy with examples. Binomial nomenclature explanation, significance and examples.
Classification of living organisms (five kingdom classification) major groups and principles of classification for each kingdom with examples
Lichens- meaning, characters, examples and importance
Viruses and viroids-definition, characters, types with examples, economic importance and list of viral diseases.
Salient features of major groups –Algae, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, Gymnosperms and AngioSperms (Dicotyledons and Monocotyledons). Three to five salient features and two examples of each category
Unit 2: Structure and Function of cell:
Basic chemical constituents of living bodies
Structure and function of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids in brief
Enzymes – definition, types, general properties, Enzyme action and factors affecting enzyme activity in brief
Unit 3: Structural Organization in plants:
Morphology of Plants:
Morphology, anatomy and functions of different parts – Roots, stem, leaf inflorescence, flower, fruit and seed
Unit 4: Plant Physiology:
Plant Water Relation and Mineral Nutrition:
Movement of water, food, nutrients and gases-Absorption of water and minerals, Apoplast and Symplast Pathways. Active and passive absorption in brief
Guttation Ascent of sap, root pressure concept and cohesion – tension theory. Transpiration- structure of stomata, mechanism of opening and closing of stomata, Role of Klons
Role of water and minerals-macronutrients and micronutrients and their role. Mineral deficiency symptoms, Mineral toxicity, elementary idea of Hydroponics, Nitrogen Metabolism (nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen xation)
Plant Growth and Development:
Seed dormancy. Germination – Hypogeal, epigeal and viviparous. Definition and characteristics of growth, phases of growth, conditions of growth, Differentiation, de-differentiation, redifferentiation. Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell Growth regulators- auxins, gibberellins, cytokinines, ethylene and bscissic acid (role in brief) Photoperiodism. Vernalization
Unit 5: Genetics and Evolution:
Genetic Basis of Inheritance:
Mendelian inheritance, Deviations from Mendelian ratio
Gene: its nature, expression and regulation:
Modern concept of gene in brief- cistron, muton and recon. DNA as genetic material, structure of DNA as given by Vatson and Cricks model, DNA Packing, semi conservative replication of eukaryotic DNA. RNA: General structure types and functions. Protein Synthesis; central dogma, Transcription; Translation –Genetic code.
Unit 6: Biotechnology and its application:
Biotechnology: Process and application
Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology): Transposons, Plasmids, Bacteriophages, Biosafety issues.
Unit 7: Biology and Human Welfare: Enhancement in food Production:
Plant breeding-Tissue Culture: Concept of Cellular Totipotency, Requirements of Tissue Culture, Callus Culture, Suspension Culture. Single Cell Protein
Microbes in Human Welfare: Microbes in Biogas (energy) Production. Microbes in Bio fertilizers.
Unit 8: Plant Physiology:
Photosynthesis: Photosynthetic Pigments and their role. Light-Dependent Reactions-Cyclic and non-cyclic photophosphorylation Light- independent Reactions C3 and C4 Pathways.
Respiration: ATP as currency of Energy Mechanism of Aerobic Respiration- Glycolysis, TCA cycle and Electron Transport System and mechanism of Anaerobic Respiration, Significance of Respiration.
Unit 9: Reproduction in Organisms:
Reproduction in Plants: Modes of Reproduction (Asexual and Sexual). Asexual reproduction; uniparental modes-vegetative propagation, micropropagation Sexual Reproduction: Structure of flower Developmental of male gametophyte, Structure of anatropous ovule. Developmental of female Gametophyte. Pollination: Types and agencies
Double Fertilization: Process and Significance. Post- fertilization changes- development of endosperm and embryo, development of seed and formulation of fruit
Unit 10: Ecology and Environment:
Organisms and Enviroment I