Dr. DY Patil AIET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus

Category: Engineering Exams, Syllabus 17 0

Dr. DY Patil AIET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus:

Atomic structure and nature of chemical bonds:

i.Introduction, electronic theory of valency, limitations.

ii.VB Theory-postulates, overlapping of atomic orbitals.

a.S-S in H2 molecule

b.P-P in halogen molecule

c.S-P in Hexmolecule

iii.The concept of hybrid orbitals and geometry of molecules

a.Tetrahedral (SP3) hybridization in CH4, Nh3, H2O

b.Trigonal hydridization (SP2) in BF3 and C2H4

  1. Diagonal hybridization (SP) in Bef, and C2H2

iii. Bond Energy-Average Bond energy, factors affecting bond energy

iv.The uncertainity principle, orbitals and Quantum numbers shapes of orbitals, Electronic configuration of atoms.

Chemical Thermodynamics and Energetics:

i.Introduction

ii.Concepts in Thermodynamics-System, isolated, closed and open system, Homegeneous and heterogeneous system. Thermodynamic equilibrium, nature and types of processes, isothermal and adiabatic processes, reversible and irreversible processes.

iii.Nature of work and heat, units of energy and work in thermodynamics, work of pressure, volume, maximum work in reversible isothermal processes, simple numerical problems.

iv.First law of Thermodynammics- Relation between mass and energy, internal energy, change in internal energy and mathematical deduction of the first law of Thermodynamics. Q=E+W, simple numerical problems Second law of Thermodynamics: Entropy, free energy, spontaneity of a chemical reaction, free energy change and chemical equilibrium, free energy as energy available for useful work.

v.Enthalpy (H) of a system, change in enthalpy mathematical derivation, numerical problem and conservation of H related to endothermic and exothermic reaction.

vi.Thermochemistry Endothermic and exothermic reaction, heat of reaction, heat of neutralization, Head of formation H=(Product)-H(Reactant), effect of temperature on heat reaction (Kirchoff’s equation), numerical problem.

vii.Internal energy and change in internal energy.

ixH=HI+H2+H3

Electrochemistry:

i.Introduction

ii.Electrolysis, electrolytic cells

iii.Faraday’s laws of electrolysis, simple numerical problem

iv.Electrochemical cells-Construction, working, of simple voltatic cell (Daniel Cell), convention used in S the representation of galvanic cell, use of salt bridge, type of electrodes, hydrogen electrode, calomel electrode and measurement of electrode potetials

v.Concept of electrode potential- electronation and delectronation, (Nerst Theory), S.D.P. and e.m.f of a cell e.f.m series and its application, simple numerical problems on e.f.m  of a cell.

vi.Common types of cells-Dry cell accumulator

Ionic Equilibrim:

i.Introduction

ii.Arhenius theory of acids and bases

iii.Lowry and Bronsted concepts of acids and bases

iv.Lewis concept of acids and bases

v.Strong and weak acid and bases, degree of dissociation, dissociation constant, Ostwald dilution formula. Simple problems

vi.Ionisation of water, Ionic product of water (Kw)

vii.H ion concentration, pH and pOH-pH+pOH=14 numerical problems

viii. Commonion effects, Buffer solution, Mechanism of buffer action, solubility product and its application numerical problems on solubility product.

ix.Hydrolysis of salts, Hydrolysis constant, Relation between hydrolysis constant and dissociation constant.

Adsorption Collioids:

i.Introduction

ii.Adsorption as a surface phenomenon, difference in type of adsorption and absorption, factors affecting adsorption, types of adsorption.

iii.Freundlich’s adsorption isotherm, Application in water purification, catalyst, adsorption indicate and chromatography

iv.Colloids-Introduction, colloidal state  of matter disperse phase dispersion medium, few examples of colloidal solution.

v.Preparation of colloidal solutions

a.Dispersion method (electrical and mechanical)

b.Condensation methods (oxidation and reduction) properties of colloidal solutions, general properties, (electrophoresis and electroosomsis) coagulation.

vi.Gels- Definition, example, type, (D/W, W/O) prosperities and uses

viii.Application of Colliods-food, medicine, sewage, precipitation of smoke

Nuclear and Radio chemistry:

i.Introduction

ii.Characteristics of nulceons, mass number, atomic number, isotopes and isobars.

iii.Nuclear stability, mass defect, binding energy, average binding energy, simple numerical problem on the binding energy

iv.Radioactivity-Radioactive decay, nature of radiations, radioactive disintegration constant, half life period, mathematical derivation for the decay constant- and half life (t1/2, simple numerical problems, Artifica radioactivity and artificial transmutation of elements.

V.Nuclear reactions, Radio isotopes and their uses-carbon dating, production of synthetic elements, medicine, agriculture.

Chemical of Third Row Elements:

i.Introduction

ii.Position of third row elements in periodic table.

iii.Electronic Configuration

iv.Periodic trend-reducing and oxidizing characters, ionization potential, electropositive and electronegative character and hence metallic and non-metallic character

v.Nature of bonding in crystal lattice

vi.Explanation of prosperities of metallic solids- conductivity, metallic luster, malleability, ductibility.

vii.Acidic and basic character of oxides and hydroxyl compounds of third row elements. Hydrogen-Position in periodic table, isotopes, properties, reaction and elements. Oxygen – Position in periodic table, preparation, reaction uses, ozone. Water and hydrogen peroxide structure of water molecule, physical and chemical prosperities of water, hard and soft water. Hydrogen peroxides-Preparation, Properties, structure and uses. Nitrogen-Preparation, properties, uses, compounds of nitrogen.

Fluorine and Hydrogen Fluoride:

i.Introduction

ii.Position of halogens in –periodic table, electronic configuration, general principles of halogens.

iii.Flourine- Occurrence, preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.

iv.Hydrogen-flouride and hydrofluoric acid-preparation, properties, reactions and uses.

Silicon:

i.introduction

ii.Position of silicon in periodic table, electronic configuration

iii.Silicon-occurrence, preparation, properties and uses

iv.Silicates, structure of simple silicates, nature of Si-O bond, tetrahedral geometry of Si 04 units in silicates. Halogen

Derivatives of Alkanes:

i.Introduction

ii.Classification, Mono, di, tri and tetrahalogen derivations of alkanes.

iii.Monohalogen derivatives (alkylhalides)

a.Nomenclature –Trivial and I.U.P.A.C system

b.Preparation

c.Halogenation of alkanes

d.Addition of Hx to alkanes

e.Action of P and PXs to Sod2 alcohols (ethyl bromide C2H5Br to be taken as a representative number)

iv.Reactions of alky halides

a.Substitution reactions with Alkalies KCN, Ammonia, Sodium alkoxide, R-COOAg

b.Wurtz reaction

c.Formation of Grignards reagent

d.Elimination-Action of alcoholic KOH

v.a.Introduction of Homolytic and heterolytic fission explantion of fission taking compound A-B

1.A-B0A+B Homolytic

2.A-B0A+B-Heterolytic

b.Types of Reagents:

1.Electrophillic with suitable examples

2.Nucleupophillic with suitable examples

c.Mobillity of electrons in single and double bonds

1.Inductive effect

2.Electromeric effect

vi.SN1 and SN2 reaction mechanism:

a.Mechanism of alkaline hydrolysis of methyl bromide (SN2 mechanism)

b.Alkaline hydrolysis oft-Butyl bromide (SN1 mechanism)

vii.Optical activity:

Following points are to be emphasized: polarization of light by Nicol prism Asymmetric carbon atom optically active (compounds, definition with examples of lactic acid (Dextro, Leavo and Racemic forms) Optically activity of 2-chlorobutane to be discussed on the following points of asymmetric Carbon atom Two non-superimposable mirror image structures Amixture and its optical inactivity

viii. Dihalogen Derivatives:

Preparation of C2H4CI2 Two isomers

a.Ethylene dichloride

b.Ethylidence chloride

preparation of ethylene dichloride by

a.Addition of CI2 to ethane

b.Ethylene glycol and PCI5

Preparation of ethylidence chloride from

a.Acetaldehyde and PCI5

b.Acetylene and HCI

ix.Trihalogen Derivatives of CH4:

Preparation of chloroform and Iodoform General physical and chemical properties

a.Reduction

b.Oxidation

c.Hydrolysis

e.Action of HNO3

Organic Hydroxy Compounds:

i.Introduction

Alcohols-introduction-classification Nomenclature

1.Trivial System

2.I.U.P.A.C system

Preparation Method:

Hydrolysis of alky halides

Hydration of Alkene by acid Reduction of Aldehydes and ketone by

a.Catalytic method using Nickel

b.Na-Hg/H2O

Properties and Reaction:

General Physical and Chemical Properties

Reaction with:

a.Na, Hx, PCB, PCI5

b.Dehydration

c.Oxidation of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols

ii.Phenols

Aromatic hydroxyl compounds-Phenol as a representative compounds

a.Chlorobenzene

b.Benzene Sulphonic acid

c.Cumene

iii.Physical properties and chemical reactions

a.Halogenation

b.Nitration

c.Sulphonation

Distinction between alcohol and phenol, uses of phenol Aldehydes and Ketones:

i.Introduction

ii.Preparation

Oxidation of alcohols

Hydrolysis of gemdihalides

From Grignard reagent,

From calcium salts of acids

iii.Reactions:

a.Addition to Carbony1 compounds HCN, NaHCO3 NH3, Grignard reagent

b.Condensation reactions- (NH2OH), C5H5NHNH2

c.Aldol condensation, Acetaldehyde with dil alkani, similar reactions with ketones

d.Cannizzaro’s reaction-Action of conc. NAOH on formaldehye

e.Reduction of Aldehydes and Ketones, catalytic hydrogenation

f.Reducing properties of Aldehydes Fehling solution, Tollen’s reagent, Schiff’s reagent

Acids and Esters:

i.Introduction

ii.Preparation (acids)

a.Oxidation of primary alcohols, aldehyde

b.Hydrolysis of alky1 cyanides

c.Grignard reagent and CO2

iii.Reactions:

a.Acidic properties

b.Antyride formation by using P205

c.Ester formation

iv.Amide formation

v.Esters

a.Introduction

b.Preparation: Acid and Alcohol and acid anhydride Alcohol and acid chloride Alkylhalide and Ag-salt of acid

c.Reacion of ethyl acetate Hydrolysis with acid and alkali Action of Grignar reagent users of esters

Ethers

i.Introduction

ii.Definition: Classification, simple and mixed ethers

Preparation:

a.Williamson’s synthesis

b.Continuous etherification process

c.Alcohol and Diazomethane

iii.Physical and chemical properties:

a.Action of HI on simple and mixed ethers in cold and hot

b.Hydrolysis by dil. H2SO4 uses of dethly ether

Amines:

i.Introduction

ii.Definition: Classification-Nomenclature

iii.Preparation

a.Haloalkanes and Ammonia

b.Reduction of Oxime, nitriles and nitroalkanes

iv.Properties: Physical and Chemical

a.Basic nature on the basis of the lewis concept

b.Acetylation by acetyl chloride and acetic anhy dride

c.Action of HNO2 on primary, Secondary and tertiary amines yielding quaternary

ammonium salts.

Carbohydrates, Proteins and Fats:

i.introduction

ii.Carbohydrates: Classification, mono di and polysaccharide preparation of glucose from sucrose and starch

iii.Proteins: Classification, simple conjugated and derived proteins. Hydrolysis of protein to produce amino acids peptide linkage colour tests:

1.Biuret test

2.Million

iv.Fats and Oils

Glycerol-as atrihydroxy alcohol, fatty acid Esters of glycerol with fatty acids Saponification, Hydrogentation.

Synthetic Fibers:

i.Introduction

ii.Definition of fibers: Classification as- natural and artificial fibers

iii.Preparation: properties and used of Nylon 6, Nylon 66, Terylene, Teflon, PVC, Polystyrene.

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