Dr. DY Patil AIET 2015 Biology(Botany) Syllabus:
Section (A): General Biology and Botany
Continuity of life:
i.Mendel’s laws of inheritance, with reference to Mendel’s experiments with peas, ideas of factors, Monohybrid and Dihybrid ratio.
ii.Genes-Packing of hereditary material, prokaryotes, bacterial chromosomes, plasmic and eukarytic chromosomes Genetic material, DNA replication, Genetic Code and Central dogma of protein synthesis.
iii.Cell division- cell cycle, mitosis and meiosis significance
Applications of Biology:
i.domestication of plants: improvement of crop plants-Principals of plant breeding and technique of hybridization Application of Tissue: Culture
uses of fertilizers and pesticides-their advantages and disadvantages, biological method of pest control
ii.Bio-Energy:-Bio-gas, plants as sources of hydro carbon for producing Petroluem to
iii.Bio-technology:-Fermentation and manufacture of Alcohols, Antibiotics and Vitamins.
Multicelluarity, Plants life:
i.Concept of species-various taxons and categories, Hierchial levers of classification, Binomial nomenclature, principles of classification
ii.Conquest of land- Life history of Gern (Nephrolepis). Cycas and angiospersm (Hibiscus, jowar, Bajra)- Anatomy, development of seed habit, flower and fruit(Development of Reproductive structure not excepted)
Transpiration: Transpiration and exchange of gases, stomatal mechanism
Photosynethesis: Ultra-Structure and function of chloroplast, photochemical pathways, significance.
Respiration: Ultra-Structure and function of mitochondrion, glycolysis, krebs cycle, electron transport system, fermentation, significance.
Growth: Plant hromones and growth regulation, action of plants hormones in relation to seed dormancy and germination, apical dominance
Reproduction: Asexual and sexual brief account of mode of sexual reproduction in multicellular lower plants- antheridium and archegonium. Sexual reproduction in angiosperms pollination, structure of male and female gametophytwes, fertilization, formation of endosperms, seed and fruit.
Section (B)- General Biology and Zoology Evolution of life
Evolution: Definition, Darwin’s theory of natural selection (common origin, recombination as a source of variability, Role of selection on variation, adaptation, reproductive isolation and speciation)
ii.Human evolution: Paleontological evidence, Brief idea of the Dryopitehcus, Australopithecus, Homo-erectus, Homo-meanunderthalensis, Cro-magnon, Homo-sapiens
Continuity of life:
i.Sex determination and sex linkage in man
ii.Domestication of animals-introduction of poultry, fisheries.
Sericulture and apiculture. Principles of animal breeding major animal diseases and their control
iii.Human diseases and their control+ Hepatitis, AIDA, Leprosy, Cancer
iv.Community Health and Services –Blood bank smoking. Alcoholism, drug addiction-Physiological symptoms and their measures
v.Pollution-air, water-effect and control
vi.Human population-Growth problems and control
Structure and functions of animal life with reference to mammals:
i.Circulation-closed vascular system, Heart-Structure and pumping action, Arterial blood pressure
ii.Excretion and Osmo-regulation: Aminotelism, uriotelism, uricorelism, excretion of water and urea, with special reference to main, role of kidney, in regulation of plasma osmoregularity on the basis of structure of nephron: role of skin and lungs, in excretion.
iii.Hormonal Co-ordination: Morphological and historical structure of pituitary and thryroid glands, important hormones of the pituitary and thyroid and their role as messengers and regulators.
iv.Nervous Co-ordination: Central, Peripheral, autonomous nervous syste, receptors and effectors, reflection
v.Locomotion-Joints, muscle movements
vii.Skeleton-Brief account of human skeleton
viii.Classification of chrodata: Pisces, Amphibia, Reptilia, Aves, Mammals, highlighting major characters with two examples of each class.
i.The set theory properties of subsets
ii.Linear and geometric functions
iii.Limits of functions, derivatives of functions
iv.The binomial theorem
ix.Method of sampling, confidence level
x.Measurement of central tendencies
xi.Measurement of deviation
Fundamental of Computer:
i.Introductin to computer
iv.Types of Computers
v.Concept of files and directories
vi.OS and interfaces
vii.Commonly uses commands
xii.Ftp, telnet, rlogin
xiv. Internet, WWWhtml
xv.Programming in a high level language
xvi.Algorithms, pseudo codes
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