Dr. DY Patil AIET 2015 Biology(Botany) Syllabus

Category: Engineering Exams, Syllabus 33 0

Dr. DY Patil AIET 2015 Biology(Botany) Syllabus:

Section (A): General Biology and Botany

General Biology

Continuity of life:

i.Mendel’s laws of inheritance, with reference to Mendel’s experiments with peas, ideas of factors, Monohybrid and Dihybrid ratio.

ii.Genes-Packing of hereditary material, prokaryotes, bacterial chromosomes, plasmic and eukarytic chromosomes Genetic material, DNA replication, Genetic Code and Central dogma of protein synthesis.

iii.Cell division- cell cycle, mitosis and meiosis significance

Applications of Biology:

i.domestication of plants: improvement of crop plants-Principals of plant breeding and technique of hybridization Application of Tissue: Culture

uses of fertilizers and pesticides-their advantages and disadvantages, biological method of pest control

ii.Bio-Energy:-Bio-gas, plants as sources of hydro carbon for producing Petroluem to

iii.Bio-technology:-Fermentation and manufacture of Alcohols, Antibiotics and Vitamins.

Multicelluarity, Plants life:

i.Concept of species-various taxons and categories, Hierchial levers of classification, Binomial nomenclature, principles of classification

ii.Conquest of land- Life history of Gern (Nephrolepis). Cycas and angiospersm (Hibiscus, jowar, Bajra)- Anatomy, development of seed habit, flower and fruit(Development of Reproductive structure not excepted)

iii.Physiology

Transpiration: Transpiration and exchange of gases, stomatal mechanism

Photosynethesis: Ultra-Structure and function of chloroplast, photochemical pathways, significance.

Respiration: Ultra-Structure and function of mitochondrion, glycolysis, krebs cycle, electron transport system, fermentation, significance.

Growth: Plant hromones and growth regulation, action of plants hormones in relation to seed dormancy and germination, apical dominance

Reproduction: Asexual and sexual brief account of mode of sexual reproduction in multicellular lower plants- antheridium and archegonium. Sexual reproduction in angiosperms pollination, structure of male and female gametophytwes, fertilization, formation of endosperms, seed and fruit.

Biology(Zoology)

Section (B)- General Biology and Zoology Evolution of life

Evolution: Definition, Darwin’s theory of natural selection (common origin, recombination as a source of variability, Role of selection on variation, adaptation, reproductive isolation and speciation)

ii.Human evolution: Paleontological evidence, Brief idea of the Dryopitehcus, Australopithecus, Homo-erectus, Homo-meanunderthalensis, Cro-magnon, Homo-sapiens

Continuity of life:

i.Sex determination and sex linkage in man

ii.Domestication of animals-introduction of poultry, fisheries.

Sericulture and apiculture. Principles of animal breeding major animal diseases and their control

iii.Human diseases and their control+ Hepatitis, AIDA, Leprosy, Cancer

iv.Community Health and Services –Blood bank smoking. Alcoholism, drug addiction-Physiological symptoms and their measures

v.Pollution-air, water-effect and control

vi.Human population-Growth problems and control

Multicellularity:

Structure and functions of animal life with reference to mammals:

i.Circulation-closed vascular system, Heart-Structure and pumping action, Arterial blood pressure

ii.Excretion and Osmo-regulation: Aminotelism, uriotelism, uricorelism, excretion of water and urea, with special reference to main, role of kidney, in regulation of plasma osmoregularity on the basis of structure of nephron: role of skin and lungs, in excretion.

iii.Hormonal Co-ordination: Morphological and historical structure of pituitary and thryroid glands, important hormones of the pituitary and thyroid and their role as messengers and regulators.

iv.Nervous Co-ordination: Central, Peripheral, autonomous nervous syste, receptors and effectors, reflection

v.Locomotion-Joints, muscle movements

vii.Skeleton-Brief account of human skeleton

viii.Classification of chrodata: Pisces, Amphibia, Reptilia, Aves, Mammals, highlighting major characters with two examples of each class.

Mathematics:

i.The set theory properties of subsets

ii.Linear and geometric functions

iii.Limits of functions, derivatives of functions

iv.The binomial theorem

v.Logarithm

vi.Differentiation

vii.Integration

viii.Probability calculations

ix.Method of sampling, confidence level

x.Measurement of central tendencies

xi.Measurement of deviation

Fundamental of Computer:

i.Introductin to computer

ii.Hardware

iii.Software

iv.Types of Computers

v.Concept of files and directories

vi.OS and interfaces

vii.Commonly uses commands

ix.File ownership

x.Networking Fundamentals

xi.Client Server

xii.Ftp, telnet, rlogin

xiii.LAN, WAN

xiv. Internet, WWWhtml

xv.Programming in a high level language

xvi.Algorithms, pseudo codes

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