The common aspect one can find in various competitive exams such as CAT, MAT, MBA, CMAT & various other MBA exams is the incorporation of “Synonyms” & “Antonyms” as one of the topic being asked in the subject Verbal Ability.
Let us understand, what actually Synonyms & antonyms are.
What are Synonyms?
When two pair of words mean exactly same in their meaning or nearly same or similar are termed as Synonyms. Thereby a single word can carry many synonyms. For example; Simple, Smooth, Easy are Synonyms of each other.
The formations of synonyms changes as per the changing form, let it be either verb, adjective, adverb, preposition etc. On can understand better with the help of examples.
Verb: Walk and Stroll
Adjective: Beautiful and Charming
Adverb: Easily and Comfortably
Preposition: On and Upon
Given below are a few handful tips which shall be helpful to you to solve synonyms.
Tips & Tricks to solve Synonyms correctly in exam:
1. If one does not know the exact meaning of the word, try understanding it in the context of the paragraph.
2. In case the meaning of the word is not clear, going through all the available options can certainly be considered as a good idea. By doing so, one can start getting idea about the given question & start negating the available options one after the other.
3. Sometimes it so happens that a particular word sounds more like a tongue twister, so try & break it into meaningful parts. Chances are there that the full word might start making more sense in this way.
4. One of the effective ways of knowing & scoring well in this section is to keep a regular tab & enough involvement of reading synonyms & making one’s own list. Revising the list regularly helps one in remembering the synonyms more often.
5. While replacing a particular word in sentence, using its synonym, please see to it that the context does not change nor the whole meaning of the sentence.
Example: What is the synonym of Philanthropy?
The correct answer is option c) charity.
Moving on to Antonyms. Let us understand what do we mean by saying Antonyms.
What are Antonyms?
Antonyms are the words, which mean opposite to the given word. Example: Antonym of Benevolent is Malevolent or Unkind.
Given below are a few types of antonyms for better understanding of the students.
Types of Antonyms:
1. Gradable Antonyms: Both the words lie in a continuous spectrum. eg: hard and soft.
2. Complementary Antonyms: Over here, both the words do not lie in a continuous spectrum. eg: push and pull
3. Relational Antonyms: Few kinds of antonyms are the ones, who make sense only when they are read together. eg: teacher and pupil
In context of the examination, antonyms are being asked directly & at times based on the paragraph.
Tips & Tricks to solve antonyms shall remain same as that of synonyms.
Let us take a look at the following passage for better understanding:
The railroad was not the first institution to impose regularity on society, or to draw attention to the importance of precise timekeeping. For as long as merchants have set out their wares at day break & communal festivities have been celebrated, people have been in rough agreement with their neighbours as to the time of day. The value of this tradition is today more apparent than ever. Were it not for public acceptance of a single yardstick of time, social life would be unbearably chaotic: the massive daily transfers of goods, services, information, would proceed in fits & starts the very fabric of modern society would begin to unravel.
Question: In the above passage find out the antonym for the word stated in bold.
The answer to the above question is d) calm.
Thus a regular study & revisions of both synonyms & antonyms can give an answer to your long lasting question on how to crack synonyms & antonyms questions in exams. Keep in mind the above tips & techniques for better performance.
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