Chemistry Syllabus for GATE 2015 Examinations:
Section A: Physical Chemistry:
Quantum theory, principles and techniques, applications to a particle in a box, harmonic oscillator, rigid rotor and hydrogen atom, valence bond and molecular orbital theories, Huckel approximation, approximate techniques, variations and perturbation, symmetry, point groups, rotational, vibrational, electronic, NMR and ESR spectroscopy.
Kinetic theory of gases, first law of thermodynamics, heat, energy and work, second law of thermodynamics and entropy, third law and absolute entropy, free energy, partial molar quantities, ideal and non ideal solutions, phase transformations, phase rule, and phase diagram, one two and three, component systems, activity, activity coefficient, fugacity and fugacity coefficient , chemical equilibrium, response of chemical equilibrium to temperature and pressure, colligative properties, Debye Huckel Theory, thermodynamics of electrochemical cells, standard electrode potential, applications, corrosion and energy conversion, molecular partition function (translational, rotational, vibration and electronic)
Rates of Chemical Reaction, temperature dependence of chemical reactions, elementary, conservative and parallel reactions, steady state approximation, theories of reaction rates, collision and transition state theory, relaxation kinetics, kinetics of photochemical reactions and free radical polymerization, homogeneous catalysis, adsorption isotherms and heterogeneous catalysis.
Section B: Inorganic Chemistry:
(d)Main Group Elements:
General characteristics, allotropes, structure and reactions of simple and industrial important compounds, boranes, carboranes, silicones, silicates, boron nitride, borazinesa and phosphazenes. Hydrides, oxides, and oxoacids of pnictogens (N, P) chalcogens (S, Se & Te) and halogens, xenon compounds, pseudo halogens and inter halogen compounds, pseudo halogens and interhalogens compounds. Shapes of molecules and hard soft acid base concept. Structure and Bonding (VBT) of B, AI. Si, N,P,S, Cl compounds. Allotropes of carbon, graphite diamond, C60. Synthesis and reactivity of inorganic polymers of Si and P.
(e) Transistion Elements:
general characteristics of d and f block elements, coordination chemistry, structure and isomerism, stability, theories of metal – ligand bonding (CFT and LFT) mechanisms of substitution and electron transfer reactions of coordination complexes. Electronic Spectra and magnetic properties of transistion metal complexes, lanthanides and actinides. Metal carbonyls, metal – metal bonds and metal atom clusters, metalloscens, transistion metal complexes with bonds to hydrogen, alkyls, alkenes and arenes, metal carbenes, use of organometallic compounds as catalysts in organic synthesis. Bio organic chemistry of Na, K, Mg, Ca, Fe, Co, Zn Cu and Mo.
Crystal systems and lattices, miller planes, crystal packing crystal defects, Bragg’s law, ionic crystals, band theory metals, and semi conductors. Different structures, of AX, AX2, ABX3 compounds, spinels.
(g)instrumental Methods of Analysis:
Atomic absorption and emission spectroscopy including ICP-AES, UV – visible spectrophotometry, NMR mass, Mossbauer spectroscopy, (Fe and Sn), ESR spectroscopy, chromatography including GC and HPLC and electro analytical methods (Coulmetry, cyclic voltammetry, polarography- amperometry, and ion selective electrodes)
Chirality of organic molecules with or without chiral centres. Specifications of configurations in compounds having one or more stereogeniccentres. Enantiotopic and diastereotopic atoms, groups and faces. Stereoselective and stereo specific synthesis. Conformational analysis of acyclic and cyclic compounds. Geometrical isomerism. Configurational and conformational effects on reactivity and selectivity/specificity.
methods of determining reaction mechanisms. Nucleophilic and electrophilic substitutions and additions to multiple bonds. Elimination reactions, reactive intermediates- carbonions, carbenes, nitrenes, arynes, free radicals. Molecular rearrangements involving electron deficient atoms.
synthesis, reactions, mechanisms and selectivity involving the following – alkenes, alkynes, arenes, alcohols, phenols, Aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and amines. Use of compounds of Mg, Li, Cu B and Si in organic synthesis. Concepts in multi step synthesis, retrosynthetic analysis, disconnections, synthons, synthetic equivalents, reactivity umpolung, selectivity, protection and de protection of functional groups.
Electro cyclic, cycloaddition and sigmatropic reactions. Orbital correlation, FMO and PMO treatments.
basic principles, photochemistry of alkenes, carbonyl compounds, and arenes. Photo oxidation and photo reduction. Di-TT- methane rearrangement, Barton Reaction.
structure, preparation, properties and reactions of furan, pyrrole, thiophene, pyridine, indole and their derivatives.
Structure, properties and reactions of mono – and di- saccharides, physicochemical properties of amino acids, chemical synthesis of peptides, structural features of proteins, nucleic acids, steroids, terpenoids, carotenoids, and alkaloids.
principles and application of UV- visible, IR, NMR and Mass spectrometry in the determination of structures of organic molecules.