Branches of Civil Engineering:
Civil engineering is one of the several branches of engineering (like mechanical engineering, chemical engineering etc), which exclusively and specifically deals with the infrastructure development and the real estate industry.
Civil engineering involves the construction of buildings both Residential and Commercial, as well as bridges, roads, dams and all other kinds of infrastructure activities, such as stadiums, public places like gardens, arenas, etc
Thus Civil engineering in total comprises of the engineering and construction activity, but since the past few decades there are many sub streams that have evolved with the passage of time. Present day civil engineering comprises of the following Branches of Civil Engineering
The following is the list given below:
Construction Engineering is one of many streams of Civil Engineering which deals specifically with the planning, the building and construction and the maintenance of infrastructure. Construction engineering also comprises of the planning, as well as the execution of architectural designs. Thus this ensures that all the construction and the building activity is in accordance with the Architectural plan and layout.
Structural Engineering is also one of the many sub streams of Civil engineering which exclusively deals with the analysis of a building structure and the design of the building structures. A Structural Engineer shoulders the duty and the responsibility to study and analyze the design of all building structures. It is also the duty of the structural engineer to see the design from the safety point of view.
Although Geotechnical engineering is one of the many branches of Engineering, still this one is somewhat different. Geotechnical engineering comprises of the research and the study of the soil and the foundation of the building site. A Geotechnical Engineer is supposed to research and study the earth components and materials bearing in mind the impact of such on a building structure.
Surveying is also another branch of Civil Engineering which deals with the survey and the leveling of the land. This stream of engineering requires the engineer to map and survey the land using various instruments. There are usually two types or kinds of surveying namely plane surveying and geodetic surveying.
(e)Water Resource Engineering:
Water Resources Engineering is the Engineering of water Resources, it comprises of the study and the research of all the sources of water namely: wells, dams, canals and several other kinds of water supply and water distribution system
Environmental Engineering is one another branch of civil engineering which deals with the study and the analysis of designing and constructing buildings that are environmental friendly. Thus this branch of civil engineering also comprises of pollution and sewage treatment.
This branch of Civil Engineering deals with all the marine and coastal building and structures and also does comprise of several marine and coastal groynes and embankments. Thus a Coastal Engineer is primarily not only concerned about building these marine and coastal structures but also the impact of these on marine and aquatic life.