Botany Syllabus for GATE 2015 Examinations:
Plant Systematics: systems of classification (non phylogenetic vs phylogenetic – outline), plant groups, molecular systematics.
Plant anatomy: plant cell structure, organization, organelles, cytoskeleton, cell wall and membranes, anatomy or root, stem and leaves, meristems, vascular system, their ontogeny, structure and functions, secondary growth in plants and stellar organization.
Morphogenesis & Development: cell cycle, cell division, life cycle of an angiosperm, pollination, fertilization, embryogenesis, seed formation, seed storage proteins, seed dormancy and germination.
Concepts of cellular totipotency, clonal propagation, organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis, artificial seed, somaclonal variation, secondary metabolism in plant cell culture, embryo culture, in vitro fertilization.
Physiology and biochemistry: plant water relations, transport of minerals, and solutes, stress physiology, stomatal physiology, signal transduction, N2 metabolism, photosynthesis, photorespiration, respiration. Flowering: photoperiodism and vernalization, biochemi